Medical Terms That Start With R -(Medical Words Mastery)

The medical field is vast, and with its expansiveness comes a plethora of terminologies. Each term holds unique significance, allowing professionals to communicate with precision. Among these terms, many start with the letter ‘R’. These range from names of diseases and conditions to specific medications. For those curious about the medical vocabulary that begins with this letter, the following list provides insights.

Medical Terms That Start With R

Here is the list of the most popular words that start with R:

  1. Rabies
  2. Radiology
  3. Radiculopathy
  4. Raynaud’s disease
  5. Reflux
  6. Renal
  7. Resuscitation
  8. Retinopathy
  9. Rheumatoid
  10. Rickets

Diseases and Conditions With R:

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis
  2. Raynaud’s phenomenon
  3. Rosacea
  4. Rhabdomyolysis
  5. Retinitis pigmentosa
  6. Rocky Mountain spotted fever
  7. Ringworm
  8. Rotator cuff tear
  9. Rubella
  10. Ruptured spleen
  11. Respiratory distress syndrome
  12. Retinoblastoma
  13. Restless leg syndrome

Symptoms With R:

  1. Rash
  2. Reflux symptoms
  3. Rigidity
  4. Redness
  5. Rhinorrhea (runny nose)
  6. Retching
  7. Respiratory distress
  8. Restlessness
  9. Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  10. Reduced appetite
  11. Rapid heartbeat
  12. Respiratory depression
  13. Rumbling stomach

Procedures With R:

  1. Rhinoplasty
  2. Radiofrequency ablation
  3. Radiosurgery
  4. Renal biopsy
  5. Retinal detachment surgery
  6. Reconstructive surgery
  7. Root canal
  8. Rhytidectomy (facelift)
  9. Resection
  10. Rhizotomy
  11. Rotator cuff repair
  12. Radical prostatectomy
  13. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

Medications With R:

  1. Ranitidine
  2. Risperidone
  3. Rivaroxaban
  4. Rifaximin
  5. Rosuvastatin
  6. Ropinirole
  7. Ribavirin
  8. Ramipril
  9. Rabeprazole
  10. Repaglinide
  11. Raloxifene
  12. Rituximab
  13. Romiplostim

Imaging and Tests With R:

  1. Radiogram
  2. Radiography
  3. Radioimmunoassay
  4. Renal ultrasound
  5. Retinal photography
  6. Rheumatoid factor test
  7. Rigid bronchoscopy
  8. Radionuclide scanning
  9. RAST test (allergy test)
  10. Reflex testing
  11. Red cell count
  12. Resting metabolic rate test
  13. Rotator cuff imaging

Vaccination and Immunology With R:

  1. Rabies vaccine
  2. Rubella vaccine
  3. Rheumatoid factor (RF) test
  4. Rho(D) immune globulin
  5. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine
  6. Rotavirus vaccine
  7. Recombinant vaccines
  8. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST)
  9. Rh factor blood test
  10. Rubella titer
  11. Rabies immune globulin
  12. Rhinovirus vaccine
  13. Rheumatoid arthritis immunotherapy

Drugs With R:

  1. Ritalin
  2. Robaxin
  3. Remicade
  4. Ropivacaine
  5. Roxicodone
  6. Ribasphere
  7. Reglan
  8. Risperdal
  9. Revlimid
  10. Rosiglitazone
  11. Rucaparib
  12. Ramelteon
  13. Reyataz

A to Z Medical Glossary


Medical Words With R & Their Meanings

  1. Rabies – A viral disease causing fever and often death if not vaccinated against.
  2. Radiology – The study of imaging the human body, like with X-rays or MRIs.
  3. Radiculopathy – A condition due to a compressed nerve in the spine.
  4. Raynaud’s disease – A condition causing some areas of the body to feel numb and cold.
  5. Reflux – The backward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus.
  6. Renal – Pertaining to the kidneys.
  7. Resuscitation – Reviving someone from unconsciousness or apparent death.
  8. Retinopathy – Disease of the retina leading to vision impairment.
  9. Rheumatoid – Relating to rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disorder.
  10. Rickets – A skeletal disorder caused by a deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate.
  11. Rheumatology – The study of rheumatism, arthritis, and other disorders of joints, muscles, and ligaments.
  12. Riboflavin – Vitamin B2, necessary for red blood cell production and growth.
  13. Rhinitis – Inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes, usually causing a runny nose.
  14. Rhinoplasty – Surgical procedure to reshape the nose.
  15. Rigor – Stiffness, often refers to sudden fever chills.
  16. Rotavirus – A common virus that causes diarrhea in children.
  17. Rubella – A contagious disease causing a distinctive red rash.
  18. Rupture – A break or tear in any organ or tissue.
  19. Respiration – The action of breathing.
  20. Retrovirus – A type of RNA virus, including HIV.
  21. Rosacea – A chronic skin disorder causing redness and visible blood vessels in the face.
  22. Respirator – A device to help with breathing in various medical conditions.
  23. Rectum – The last section of the large intestine, ending at the anus.
  24. Rheumatic fever – An inflammatory disease occurring after strep throat or scarlet fever.
  25. Rigor mortis – The stiffening of the body after death.
  26. Receptor – A structure on a cell’s surface or within a cell that binds specific substances.
  27. Recombination – The rearrangement of genetic material.
  28. Red blood cells – Cells in the blood that transport oxygen.
  29. Refraction – The bending of light as it passes through the eye to bring objects into focus.
  30. Reproductive system – Organs and structures used for reproduction.
  31. Regurgitation – The backward flow of blood through a defective heart valve.
  32. Rehabilitation – Restoring health and functional abilities after an illness or injury.
  33. Relapse – The recurrence of symptoms after a period of improvement.
  34. Renal failure – The inability of the kidneys to function properly.
  35. Resection – Surgical removal of part of an organ or structure.
  36. Residual volume – The amount of air left in the lungs after a maximal exhalation.
  37. Resonance – A vibration or amplification of sound.
  38. Retrograde – Moving backward, or against the usual direction of flow.
  39. Reticulocyte – An immature red blood cell.
  40. Retroflexion – A backward bending or turning.
  41. Reye’s syndrome – A rare but severe illness causing liver and brain damage.
  42. Rheostat – A device for controlling an electrical current.
  43. Ribosome – A cell structure for protein synthesis.
  44. Rift Valley fever – A viral disease causing fever in livestock and humans.
  45. RNA – Ribonucleic acid, a molecule involved in protein synthesis.
  46. Rotator cuff – A group of muscles and tendons stabilizing the shoulder.
  47. Rubefacient – A substance causing redness when applied to the skin.
  48. Ruminant – Animals like cows and sheep that digest food in a specialized stomach.
  49. Ruptured disc – A break in a spinal disc causing nerve irritation.
  50. Ricketsiosis – A group of infections caused by bacteria in ticks.
  51. Radiogram – An image produced on a sensitive plate or film by X-rays.
  52. Radionuclide – A radioactive substance used in imaging and treatment.
  53. Reactive – Showing a response to a stimulus.
  54. Reactive arthritis – Joint pain and swelling triggered by an infection in another body part.
  55. Recombinant DNA – DNA that has been artificially assembled or modified.
  56. Rectal – Pertaining to the rectum.
  57. Rectocele – Bulging of the front wall of the rectum into the vagina.
  58. Red cell distribution width – A measure of the variation of red blood cell size.
  59. Reduction – Restoration of a body part to its normal alignment.
  60. Referred pain – Pain felt in a part of the body other than its actual source.
  61. Reflex – An involuntary and immediate movement in response to a stimulus.
  62. Reflexology – The application of pressure to areas on the feet, hands, or ears.
  63. Reflux esophagitis – Inflammation of the esophagus due to acid reflux.
  64. Regeneration – Process of renewal or regrowth.
  65. Regional anesthesia – Numbing a larger area of the body using local anesthetics.
  66. Regurgitant fraction – Percentage of blood that regurgitates back through a heart valve.
  67. Relaxin – A hormone that prepares the uterus for childbirth.
  68. Remission – Decrease or disappearance of signs and symptoms of disease.
  69. Renal artery – vessel that carries blood from the heart to the kidneys.
  70. Renal vein – Vessel that carries blood from the kidneys back to the heart.
  71. Renin – An enzyme produced by the kidneys to regulate blood pressure.
  72. Reperfusion – Restoration of blood flow to tissue.
  73. Replantation – The surgical reattachment of a body part.
  74. Reposition – Moving a body part back to its normal position.
  75. Reproductive endocrinology – A subspecialty dealing with reproductive hormones.
  76. Residual – Amount left over.
  77. Resistant – Unaffected by, or able to tolerate.
  78. Resolution – Disappearance of a disease or its symptoms.
  79. Resonance imaging – Imaging using magnetic fields, like MRI.
  80. Respiration rate – Number of breaths per minute.
  81. Respiratory quotient – Ratio of carbon dioxide produced to oxygen consumed in metabolism.
  82. Restenosis – The re-narrowing of an artery after it has been treated to remove the obstruction.
  83. Resting heart rate – Number of heartbeats per minute while at rest.
  84. Restless legs syndrome – A condition causing an uncontrollable urge to move the legs.
  85. Retina – Light-sensitive layer of the eye.
  86. Retinal detachment – A separation of the retina from its attachments.
  87. Retroperitoneal – Located behind the peritoneum in the abdomen.
  88. Retroversion – Tilted backward position.
  89. Rheogram – A record of blood flow.
  90. Rhinorrhea – Runny nose.
  91. Rhizotomy – Surgical severing of nerve roots.
  92. Rhytidectomy – Surgical removal of wrinkles, commonly known as a facelift.
  93. Ribonuclease – An enzyme that splits ribonucleic acid.
  94. Rickettsia – A type of bacteria transmitted by ticks and fleas.
  95. Right atrium – The right upper chamber of the heart.
  96. Risk factor – Something that increases the likelihood of developing a disease.
  97. RNA polymerase – An enzyme that produces RNA.
  98. Rotational therapy – Use of rotation to treat injuries or diseases.
  99. Round window – A membrane-covered opening in the inner wall of the middle ear.
  100. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass – A type of weight-loss surgery.
  101. Ruptured appendix – A break or tear in the appendix, a medical emergency.

Medical Terms That Start With R