Medical Terms That Start With G -(Medical Words Mastery)

The world of medicine is vast and intricate, with a diverse array of terms to comprehend. As we navigate the field, understanding these terms can enhance our grasp of various medical conditions, treatments, and procedures. Focusing on terms starting with the letter ‘G’ provides a glimpse into a subset of this vast lexicon.

Medical Terms That Start With G

Here is the list of the most popular words that start with the letter G:

  1. Gastritis
  2. Glaucoma
  3. Gangrene
  4. Gestational
  5. Glycemia
  6. Gastroenteritis
  7. Gout
  8. Genome
  9. Gingivitis
  10. Gallbladder

Diseases and Conditions With G

  • Gastric ulcers
  • Graves’ disease
  • Granuloma annulare
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Giant cell arteritis
  • Growth hormone deficiency

Symptoms With G

  • Gas
  • Giddiness
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Groin pain
  • Gingival swelling
  • Grunting respiration
  • Gagging
  • Goosebumps
  • Graft rejection
  • Generalized itching
  • Grip strength reduction

Procedures With G

  • Gastrectomy
  • Gastric bypass
  • Grafting (skin, hair, etc.)
  • Ganglion cyst removal
  • Gastroscopy
  • Gallbladder removal
  • Glaucoma surgery
  • Genetic testing
  • Goniotomy
  • Grommet insertion
  • Gynecologic laparoscopy

Medications With G

  • Gabapentin
  • Gentamicin
  • Guaifenesin
  • Glipizide
  • Gemfibrozil
  • Griseofulvin
  • Gatifloxacin
  • Glyburide
  • Ganciclovir
  • Glucophage
  • Galantamine

Imaging and Tests With G

  • Gallium scan
  • Genetic marker test
  • Glomerular filtration rate test
  • Gastrointestinal series
  • Gait analysis
  • Glucose tolerance test
  • Gallbladder ultrasound
  • Gamma camera
  • Gram stain
  • Glucose monitoring
  • Gastric emptying scan

Vaccination and Immunology With G

  • Gardasil (HPV vaccine)
  • Gamma globulin
  • German measles (Rubella) vaccine
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome treatment
  • GBS (Group B Streptococcus) screening
  • Globulin tests
  • Gluten sensitivity test
  • Graft-versus-host disease treatment
  • Gel electrophoresis for immunoglobulins
  • Genetic immune disorders diagnosis
  • GVHD prophylaxis

Drugs With G

  • Gabapentinoids
  • Glycopeptides
  • Glucocorticoids
  • GnRH agonists
  • Glinides
  • Glycosides
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonists
  • Guanethidine
  • Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors
  • Glutamate antagonists
  • Ginkgo biloba extract.

A to Z Medical Glossary


Medical Words With G & Their Meanings

  1. Gastritis – Inflammation of the stomach lining.
  2. Glaucoma – Eye condition causing optic nerve damage, often due to increased intraocular pressure.
  3. Gangrene – Death of body tissue, usually due to lack of blood flow or bacterial infection.
  4. Gestational – Relating to pregnancy or the period of pregnancy.
  5. Glycemia – The concentration of glucose in the blood.
  6. Gastroenteritis – Inflammation of the stomach and intestines, typically due to infection.
  7. Gout – A form of arthritis characterized by severe pain and swelling, mainly in the big toe.
  8. Genome – The complete set of genes in an organism.
  9. Gingivitis – Inflammation of the gums.
  10. Gallbladder – A small organ that stores bile, aiding in digestion.
  11. Gyrus – A ridge on the cerebral cortex.
  12. Gynecology – The medical practice dealing with female reproductive systems.
  13. Gram-negative – Classification of bacteria based on cell wall composition and staining.
  14. Gram-positive – Opposite of gram-negative; different cell wall composition.
  15. Granulocyte – A type of white blood cell with granules in its cytoplasm.
  16. Gastrostomy – A surgical opening into the stomach.
  17. Glycogen – A form of carbohydrate storage in the body.
  18. Genotype – The genetic makeup of an individual or organism.
  19. Geriatrics – The branch of medicine dealing with aging and diseases of the aged.
  20. Ganglion – A nerve cell cluster.
  21. Granuloma – A small area of inflammation due to tissue injury.
  22. Genitalia – The male or female reproductive organs.
  23. Glioma – A tumor that arises from glial cells in the brain.
  24. Gastroparesis – Delayed gastric emptying without an obvious obstruction.
  25. Genetic – Relating to genes or heredity.
  26. Graft – A piece of tissue used in transplantation.
  27. Gonad – An organ that produces gametes; a testis or ovary.
  28. Gravida – A pregnant woman.
  29. Gavage – The administration of food or drugs by force, especially to an animal, or the substance given in this way.
  30. Glycolysis – The breakdown of glucose by enzymes to release energy.
  31. Gluconeogenesis – Production of glucose from non-carbohydrate sources.
  32. Granulocytopenia – A deficiency of granulocytes in the blood.
  33. Gastrectomy – Surgical removal of all or part of the stomach.
  34. Galactorrhea – The production of milk from the breasts unrelated to childbirth or nursing.
  35. Gingivectomy – Surgical removal of gum tissue.
  36. Glomerulus – A tiny ball-shaped structure in the kidney, essential for filtering blood.
  37. Geniculate – Having a bent or angular shape.
  38. Genu – The knee joint.
  39. Gastroscopy – Examination of the stomach using a special instrument.
  40. Gestagen – A type of hormone that affects the uterus.
  41. Granulocytosis – An excessive number of granulocytes in the blood.
  42. Gastrocolic – Relating to both the stomach and the colon.
  43. Glycoprotein – Proteins that have carbohydrates attached to them.
  44. Genomics – The study of genomes.
  45. Gravidity – The number of times a woman has been pregnant.
  46. Galactose – A sugar derived from lactose.
  47. Glossitis – Inflammation of the tongue.
  48. Gynecomastia – Enlargement of breast tissue in males.
  49. Gastroduodenal – Relating to the stomach and the first part of the small intestine.
  50. Glucocorticoid – A class of steroid hormones that regulate various aspects of metabolism.
  51. Geophagia – The practice of eating earth, especially clay or chalk.
  52. Gigantism – Abnormal growth due to excessive growth hormone, especially during childhood.
  53. Gastrolith – A stone that forms in the stomach of some animals.
  54. Gonorrhea – A sexually transmitted bacterial infection.
  55. Glabrous – Smooth, without hairs.
  56. Gland – An organ that secretes substances for use in the body or for discharge.
  57. Glenoid – The socket of the scapula in which the head of the humerus articulates.
  58. Glaucescent – Becoming a light blue or bluish-green color.
  59. Gynoid – Relating to or resembling a female.
  60. Genome sequencing – Determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism’s genome.
  61. Glottis – The opening between the vocal cords.
  62. Gonioscopy – A method to visualize the anterior chamber angle of the eye.
  63. Galactocele – A milk-filled cyst in the breast.
  64. Gingival – Pertaining to the gums.
  65. Gastropexy – Surgical fixation of the stomach.
  66. Guanine – One of the four main nucleobases in DNA and RNA.
  67. Globulin – A group of proteins in blood plasma.
  68. Gram stain – A staining method used to differentiate bacterial species.
  69. Gustatory – Relating to the sense of taste.
  70. Gastropod – A large class of mollusks, including snails.
  71. Geniculatum – Of or relating to a small bent part, especially of a bone.
  72. Gestagenic – Relating to or producing gestagen.
  73. Genitourinary – Relating to the genital and urinary organs or their functions.
  74. Galactopoiesis – The production of milk.
  75. Gallstone – A small, hard crystalline mass formed abnormally in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
  76. Gonadotropin – Hormones that stimulate the gonads.
  77. Globus sensation – Feeling of a lump in the throat.
  78. Glucagon – A hormone that raises blood glucose levels.
  79. Glenohumeral – Pertaining to the glenoid cavity and the humerus.
  80. Gravidarum – Of or relating to pregnant women.
  81. Gliadin – A protein found in wheat.
  82. Gestalt – A concept or phenomenon that is perceived as a whole.
  83. Glutamate – A salt or ester of glutamic acid.
  84. Gerontological – Relating to the aging process and the problems associated with aging.
  85. Guillain-Barre syndrome – A rare neurological disorder where the body’s immune system attacks peripheral nerves.
  86. Gingivoectomy – Surgical removal of gum tissue.
  87. Geniculo – Relating to the knee or a knee-like part.
  88. Glycolipid – Lipids with a carbohydrate attached.
  89. Gliocyte – A type of cell found in the nervous system.
  90. Gastrotomy – A surgical incision into the stomach.
  91. Granulomatous – Relating to or characterized by granulomas.
  92. Galactagogues – Substances that promote lactation.
  93. Glomerulopathy – Any disease of the renal glomeruli.
  94. Gynandromorph – An organism that possesses both male and female characteristics.
  95. Gynarchy – A society ruled by women.
  96. Galvanic – Relating to electric currents or the direct current of electricity.
  97. Gastroplasty – Surgical alteration of the stomach for treating obesity.
  98. Glucometer – A device for measuring blood glucose levels.
  99. Glycosuria – The presence of glucose in the urine.
  100. Glottoplasty – Surgery of the glottis or vocal cords.
  101. Geniculated – Bent like a knee.
  102. Galactosemia – A genetic disorder affecting galactose metabolism.

Medical Terms That Start With G