Present Perfect Tense | Download complete PDF

Present Perfect Tense

In the present perfect tense third form of the verb is used. (has, have) are used as helping verbs. “Has” is used with 3rd person singular and singular noun. “have” is used with 1st and 2nd persons and all plural nouns.

Affirmative sentences 

For affirmative sentences, the following sentence pattern is used. Has and have are used as helping ver­­bs. The third form of the verb is used.

Formation :

Sub + helping verb ( has, have) + 3rd form of verb + object.

Examples:

  • I have taken a bath.
  • Ali has eaten a meal.
  • They have won the match.
  • She has run fast.
  • I have done my work.
  • We have packed our luggage.

Negative of the present perfect tense

When we have to make negative sentences, we use “not” after helping verb.

Formation :

Sub + helping verb ( has, have) + not + 3rd form of verb + object.

Examples:

  • We have not taken a bath.
  • Mano has not eaten a meal.
  • They have not won the match.
  • He has not run fast.
  • You have not done your work.
  • They have not packed their luggage.

Interrogative sentences

In the case of interrogative sentences, the helping verb (has, have) is placed at the start of the sentence. And a question mark is added at the end.

Formation :

helping verb ( has, have) + Sub + 3rd form of verb + object + ?

Examples:

  • Have I taken a bath?
  • Has Ali eaten a meal?
  • Have they won the match?
  • Has she run fast?
  • Have I done my work?
  • Have we packed our luggage?
  • Has she swept the room?
  • Has Najma washed her clothes?

Formation of PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Helping Verbs

(Has, Have)

Form of Verb

The third form of a verb is used

+       Affirmative Sentences

Subject

Helping verb ( has, have) The third form of a verb

object

Ali

Has Eaten

Meal

–          Negative sentences

Sub

Helping verb ( has, have) Not 3rd form

object

Lee

Has Not Eaten

Meal

?       Interrogative Sentences

Helping verb ( has, have)

subject 3rd form object

?

Has

Ali Eaten Meal

?

Present Perfect Tense Examples

  • Why has he gone already?
  • Where have I left my sandals?
  • We haven’t seen her today.
  • We have seen this movie already.
  • They have been to the mall twice this month.
  • There has been an accident.
  • The children have made a mess in the kitchen.
  • She has watched that show three times this week.
  • She has finished her chores.
  • I have lost my purse.
  • He has started a new job.
  • He has broken his leg.
  • Have you visited England?
  • Have you called your mom yet?
  • Has she met John?
  • Has Anthony played basketball yet?

English tenses PDF

Present Perfect Tense

Present Indefinite Tense

Present continuous Tense
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Indefinite Tense
Past continuous Tense
Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Future Indefinite Tense
Future continuous Tense
Future Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Continuous Tense

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