Comparison of American and British English in a List Pdf

Comparison of American and British English! Here is a useful list of comparisons between different vocabulary words and Phrases that are used in British and American English separately.

What is the Difference between British and American Grammar?

While British English and American English are largely mutually intelligible, there are some notable differences in grammar, vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation. Here, we’ll focus on some of the key grammatical differences between the two dialects:

1. Collective nouns: In British English, collective nouns can be treated as either singular or plural, depending on whether the group is seen as a single entity or as a collection of individuals. In American English, collective nouns are usually treated as singular.

For example:

British English: The team are playing well today.

American English: The team is playing well today.

2. Past tense of get: In British English, the past tense of “get” is “got,” and the past participle is “got” or “gotten” (when used with “have”). In American English, the past tense is “got,” and the past participle is “gotten” (when used with “have”).

British English: I’ve got a new job. / I’ve gotten a new job.

American English: I’ve gotten a new job.

3. Prepositions: There are some differences in the use of prepositions between British and American English.

British English: She studied at university.

American English: She studied in college.

4. Present perfect vs. simple past: British English often uses the present perfect tense to describe past events that have relevance to the present, while American English may use the simple past in the same situations.

British English: Have you eaten dinner yet?

American English: Did you eat dinner yet?

5. Use of auxiliary verbs: In British English, “have” is used as an auxiliary verb with “got,” while in American English, “have” is often dropped in informal speech.

British English: I’ve got a new car.

American English: I got a new car. (informal)

6. Spelling differences affecting grammar: Some words are spelled differently in British and American English, which can lead to minor grammatical differences.

For example:

British English: I will practise my piano lesson.

American English: I will practice my piano lesson.

7. British English mostly follows an informal manner of speech i.e. ‘Shall’, while Americans English favors the informal manner of speech i.e. ‘Will’.

What is the Difference between British and American Pronunciation?

There is a lot of difference in American and British pronunciation: The most basic difference between the American (GA) and the British (GB) is the omission of alphabet ‘r’ in British standard, the rule is that you only pronounce alphabet ‘r’ if there is a vowel sound after it, so we don’t say it in PARK /pɑːk/, HORSE /hɔːs/ or FURTHER /ˈfɜːðə/.

Comparison of American and British English Vocabulary

British English American English
Eggy Bread (Fried) French Toast
Crisps (Potato) Chips
A Mark A grade, Point
A Full Stop A Period
Rasher A Slice of Bacon
Aeroplane Airplane
Pocket Money Allowance
An Exclamation Mark An Exclamation Point
Block of Flats Apartment Building, Apartment House
Starter Appetizer
Rocket Arugula
Solicitor Attorney at Law
Pram Baby Carriage
Dummy For Baby Pacifier
Rucksack Backpack
Plaster Band-Aid
Dressing Gown Bath Rope
Bath Bath Tub
Swimming Costume Bathing Suit
Dressing Gown Bathrobe
Loo Bathroom, Restroom
Beetroot Beet
Pepper Bell Pepper
Scone Biscuit
Indicator Blinker (Turn signal)
Rubber Boot
Wellington Boots, Wellies
Square Brackets Brackets
Mid – Morning Meal Brunch
Mate Buddy
Tin Can
Sweets Candy
Mobile Phone Cell Phone
Draughts Checkers
Coriander Cilantro
Module Class
Clothes peg Clothespin
Icing Sugar Confectioner’s Sugar
Biscuit Cookie

Also Check: List of Irregular verbs

Maize Corn
Candyfloss Cotton Candy
Anti Clockwise Counter-Clockwise
Semolina Cream of Wheat, Manna
Zebra Crossing Cross Walk
Lollipop Man/Lady Crossing Guard
Fairy Cake Cup Cake
Curly Brackets Curly Braces
Bureau De Change Currency Exchange
Pudding Dessert
Diversion Detour
Nappy Diaper
Tea Towel/ Tea Cloth Dish Towel
Dual Carriageway Divided Highway
Driving Licence Driver’s License
Chemist’s Shop Drugstore
Chemist’s Drugstore/ Pharmacy
Aubergine Eggplant
Primary School Elementary School
Rubber Eraser
Dear Expensive
(Academic) Staff Faculty
Autumn Fall
Autumn Term Fall Semester
Bum Bag Fanny Pack
Pitch Field
Fire Brigade Fire Department
Fire Engine Fire Truck
Food, Grub, Nosh Food
Motorway Freeway, Highway
Chips French Fries
Flan Fruit Pie
Professor Full Professor
Car Boot Sale Garage Sale
Rubbish Garbage (Trash)
Dustbin Man Garbage Collector
Dustman Garbage man
Rubbish Garbage, Trash
Petrol Gas, Gasoline
Gear Lever Gear Shift
Girl, Lass Girl
Level Crossing Grade Crossing
Muesli Granola
Runner Beans Green Beans, String Beans
Spring Onions Green Onions
Toasted Cheese (Sandwich) Grilled Cheese
Minced Meat Ground Meat
Chap Guy
Plimsolls Gym Shoes
Gammon Ham
Bonnet Hat
College High School High School
Bonnet Hood
School Dinner Hot Lunch
Crossroads Intersection, crossroads
Caretaker Janitor
Squash Juice Concentrate
Ladybird Ladybug
Solicitor Lawyer, Attorney
Number plate License Plate
Broad Bean Lima Bean
Queue Line
Smoked Salmon Lox
Post Mail
Postman Mailman
High Street Main Street
Maths Math
Black Treacle Molasses
Mum, Mummy Mom, Mommy, Ma
   
Motorbike Motorcycle
Film Movie
Cinema Movie Theater
Silencer (car) Muffler
Serviette Napkin
Self- Catering No Meals Included
Nil (Sport) Nothing, Zero
Porridge Oatmeal
Bungalow One Story House
A single ticket One way ticket
Open Day/ Evening Open House
Dungarees Overalls

Also Check: List of Suffixes a to z

Flyover Overpass
Dummy for Baby Pacifier
Parcel Package
Pyjamas Pajamas
Trousers Pants
Round Brackets Parentheses
Car park Parking lot
Road Surface Pavement
Full Stop Period
Pet Hate Pet Peeve
Phone Box Phone Booth
Gherkin Pickle
Spot Pimple
Drawing Pin- Thumbtack
Jug Pitcher
Cling Film Plastic Wrap
Policeman Police Officer
Ice lolly Popsicle
Crisps Potato Chips
Headmaster Principal
Invigilate Proctor
Railway Railroad
Cooker Range, Stove
Play, Break Time Recess
Public Toilet Restroom
Curriculum Vitae/ CV Resume
Hench Ripped
Car Journey/ Drive Road trip
Roadworks Roadwork
Packed Lunch Sach, Bag Lunch
Packed Lunch Sack Lunch
Sandwich, Butty, Sarnie Sandwich
Pilchards Sardines
Sausage, Banger Sausage
Timetable Schedule
Sorbet Sherbet
Bootlace, Shoelace Shoestring
Trolley Shopping Cart
Desiccated Coconut Shredded Coconut
Pavement Side Walk
Sideboards Sideburns
Cutlery Silverware
Kipper Smoked Herring
Trainers Sneakers
Football Soccer
Fizzy Drink Soda Pop
Sleeping Policeman, Speed Bump Speedbump
Pitch Sports Field
Spring Term Spring Semester
Marrow Squash
Estate car Station Wagon
Sellotape Sticky Tape, Scotch Tape
Powdered Sugar
Braces Suspenders
Set of Points Switch
Takeaway Takeout
Staff Room Teacher’s Lounge
Cashier Teller
Exam Test
Noughts and Crosses Tic Tac Toe
Draw Tie
Tyre Tire
Platform Track
Roundabout (road) Traffic Circle
Traffic Jam, Tailback Traffic Jam
Caravan Trailer
Gearbox Transmission
Bin/ Dust Bin Trash Can
Lorry Truck
Polo Neck Turtle Neck
Telly TV (Television)
Underwear, Knickers Underwear, Panties
Kit Uniform
Holiday Vacation
Waistcoat Vest
Tippex White Out
Windscreen Windshield
Spanner Wrench
Jumble Sale Yard Sale
Zed Zee
Postcode Zipcode
Zip Zipper
Courgette Zucchini

Info-Graphics (Uk and US Vocabulary)

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Video Lesson – American V/S British

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Last updated on March 20th, 2023 at 02:33 pm