Anthropology, the study of human societies and cultures, offers a rich tapestry of terms that define its essence. Understanding these foundational words can enhance one’s comprehension of this vast field. Here are the top 30 words related to anthropology, each succinctly explained.
Words Related to Anthropology
Here are the top 30 terms related to Anthropology with meanings:
- Ethnography – Detailed study of specific human cultures.
- Culture – Shared beliefs, values, and customs of a group.
- Archeology – Study of ancient human societies via artifacts.
- Linguistic – Relating to language and its study.
- Kinship – Systems of family and social relationships.
- Artifact – Object made by human beings.
- Cultural Relativism – Judging cultures by their own standards.
- Ethnocentrism – Believing one’s culture is superior.
- Society – Group of individuals sharing a common culture.
- Paleoanthropology – Study of early human ancestors.
- Holism – Understanding cultures in a comprehensive manner.
- Participant Observation – Immersing in culture for study.
- Ritual – Prescribed ceremonial act or action.
- Myth – Traditional stories explaining natural/social phenomena.
- Subsistence Patterns – Ways cultures obtain food.
- Totemism – Religious practice with symbolic animals/objects.
- Taboo – Prohibition based on societal norms.
- Cosmology – Cultural understanding of the universe.
- Clan – Group related by common descent.
- Foraging – Hunting and gathering for food.
- Pastoralism – Herding and breeding of domesticated animals.
- Agrarian – Related to farming and agriculture.
- Migration – Movement from one place to another.
- Enculturation – Learning and acquiring one’s own culture.
- Shaman – Spiritual leader in indigenous cultures.
- Affinal – Related by marriage, not blood.
- Rite of Passage – Ceremonies marking important life transitions.
- Matriarchy – Female-dominated societal structure.
- Patriarchy – Male-dominated societal structure.
- Diffusion – Spreading of cultural traits among societies.
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